Class: DL::CPtr

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
cptr.c,
cptr.c

Overview

CPtr is a class to handle C pointers

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#DL::CPtr.new(address) ⇒ Object #DL::CPtr.new(address, size) ⇒ Object #DL::CPtr.new(address, size, freefunc) ⇒ Object

Create a new pointer to address with an optional size and freefunc. freefunc will be called when the instance is garbage collected.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 143

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_initialize(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    VALUE ptr, sym, size, wrap = 0, funcwrap = 0;
    struct ptr_data *data;
    void *p = NULL;
    freefunc_t f = NULL;
    long s = 0;

    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "12", &ptr, &size, &sym) >= 1) {
	VALUE addrnum = rb_Integer(ptr);
	if (addrnum != ptr) wrap = ptr;
	p = NUM2PTR(addrnum);
    }
    if (argc >= 2) {
	s = NUM2LONG(size);
    }
    if (argc >= 3) {
	f = get_freefunc(sym, &funcwrap);
    }

    if (p) {
	TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
	if (data->ptr && data->free) {
	    /* Free previous memory. Use of inappropriate initialize may cause SEGV. */
	    (*(data->free))(data->ptr);
	}
	data->wrap[0] = wrap;
	data->wrap[1] = funcwrap;
	data->ptr  = p;
	data->size = s;
	data->free = f;
    }

    return Qnil;
}

Class Method Details

.DL::CPtr.to_ptr(val) ⇒ Object .DL::CPtrObject

Get the underlying pointer for ruby object val and return it as a DL::CPtr object.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 594

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_s_to_ptr(VALUE self, VALUE val)
{
    VALUE ptr, wrap = val, vptr;

    if (RTEST(rb_obj_is_kind_of(val, rb_cIO))){
	rb_io_t *fptr;
	FILE *fp;
	GetOpenFile(val, fptr);
	fp = rb_io_stdio_file(fptr);
	ptr = rb_dlptr_new(fp, 0, NULL);
    }
    else if (RTEST(rb_obj_is_kind_of(val, rb_cString))){
	char *str = StringValuePtr(val);
	ptr = rb_dlptr_new(str, RSTRING_LEN(val), NULL);
    }
    else if ((vptr = rb_check_funcall(val, id_to_ptr, 0, 0)) != Qundef){
	if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(vptr, rb_cDLCPtr)){
	    ptr = vptr;
	    wrap = 0;
	}
	else{
	    rb_raise(rb_eDLError, "to_ptr should return a CPtr object");
	}
    }
    else{
	VALUE num = rb_Integer(val);
	if (num == val) wrap = 0;
	ptr = rb_dlptr_new(NUM2PTR(num), 0, NULL);
    }
    OBJ_INFECT(ptr, val);
    if (wrap) RPTR_DATA(ptr)->wrap[0] = wrap;
    return ptr;
}

.DL::CPtr.malloc(size, freefunc = nil) ⇒ Object

Allocate size bytes of memory and associate it with an optional freefunc that will be called when the pointer is garbage collected. freefunc must be an address pointing to a function or an instance of DL::CFunc


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# File 'cptr.c', line 190

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_s_malloc(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE size, sym, obj, wrap = 0;
    long s;
    freefunc_t f;

    switch (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &size, &sym)) {
      case 1:
	s = NUM2LONG(size);
	f = NULL;
	break;
      case 2:
	s = NUM2LONG(size);
	f = get_freefunc(sym, &wrap);
	break;
      default:
	rb_bug("rb_dlptr_s_malloc");
    }

    obj = rb_dlptr_malloc(s,f);
    if (wrap) RPTR_DATA(obj)->wrap[1] = wrap;

    return obj;
}

.DL::CPtr.to_ptr(val) ⇒ Object .DL::CPtrObject

Get the underlying pointer for ruby object val and return it as a DL::CPtr object.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 594

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_s_to_ptr(VALUE self, VALUE val)
{
    VALUE ptr, wrap = val, vptr;

    if (RTEST(rb_obj_is_kind_of(val, rb_cIO))){
	rb_io_t *fptr;
	FILE *fp;
	GetOpenFile(val, fptr);
	fp = rb_io_stdio_file(fptr);
	ptr = rb_dlptr_new(fp, 0, NULL);
    }
    else if (RTEST(rb_obj_is_kind_of(val, rb_cString))){
	char *str = StringValuePtr(val);
	ptr = rb_dlptr_new(str, RSTRING_LEN(val), NULL);
    }
    else if ((vptr = rb_check_funcall(val, id_to_ptr, 0, 0)) != Qundef){
	if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(vptr, rb_cDLCPtr)){
	    ptr = vptr;
	    wrap = 0;
	}
	else{
	    rb_raise(rb_eDLError, "to_ptr should return a CPtr object");
	}
    }
    else{
	VALUE num = rb_Integer(val);
	if (num == val) wrap = 0;
	ptr = rb_dlptr_new(NUM2PTR(num), 0, NULL);
    }
    OBJ_INFECT(ptr, val);
    if (wrap) RPTR_DATA(ptr)->wrap[0] = wrap;
    return ptr;
}

Instance Method Details

#+(n) ⇒ Object

Returns a new DL::CPtr that has been advanced n bytes.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 451

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_plus(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr;
    long num, size;

    ptr = rb_dlptr2cptr(self);
    size = RPTR_DATA(self)->size;
    num = NUM2LONG(other);
    return rb_dlptr_new((char *)ptr + num, size - num, 0);
}

#ptrObject

Returns a DL::CPtr that is a dereferenced pointer for this DL::CPtr. Analogous to the star operator in C.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 249

VALUE
rb_dlptr_ptr(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_dlptr_new(*((void**)(data->ptr)),0,0);
}

#-(n) ⇒ Object

Returns a new DL::CPtr that has been moved back n bytes.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 469

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_minus(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr;
    long num, size;

    ptr = rb_dlptr2cptr(self);
    size = RPTR_DATA(self)->size;
    num = NUM2LONG(other);
    return rb_dlptr_new((char *)ptr - num, size + num, 0);
}

#refObject

Returns a DL::CPtr that is a reference pointer for this DL::CPtr. Analogous to the ampersand operator in C.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 264

VALUE
rb_dlptr_ref(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_dlptr_new(&(data->ptr),0,0);
}

#<=>(other) ⇒ -1, ...

Returns -1 if less than, 0 if equal to, 1 if greater than other. Returns nil if ptr cannot be compared to other.

Returns:

  • (-1, 0, 1, nil)

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# File 'cptr.c', line 430

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_cmp(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr1, *ptr2;
    SIGNED_VALUE diff;

    if(!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cDLCPtr)) return Qnil;

    ptr1 = rb_dlptr2cptr(self);
    ptr2 = rb_dlptr2cptr(other);
    diff = (SIGNED_VALUE)ptr1 - (SIGNED_VALUE)ptr2;
    if (!diff) return INT2FIX(0);
    return diff > 0 ? INT2NUM(1) : INT2NUM(-1);
}

#==(other) ⇒ Boolean #eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if other wraps the same pointer, otherwise returns false.

Overloads:

  • #==(other) ⇒ Boolean

    Returns:

    • (Boolean)
  • #eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

    Returns:

    • (Boolean)

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# File 'cptr.c', line 410

VALUE
rb_dlptr_eql(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr1, *ptr2;

    if(!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cDLCPtr)) return Qfalse;

    ptr1 = rb_dlptr2cptr(self);
    ptr2 = rb_dlptr2cptr(other);

    return ptr1 == ptr2 ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

#[](index) ⇒ Integer #[](start, length) ⇒ String

Returns integer stored at index. If start and length are given, a string containing the bytes from start of length length will be returned.

Overloads:

  • #[](index) ⇒ Integer

    Returns:

    • (Integer)
  • #[](start, length) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)

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# File 'cptr.c', line 490

VALUE
rb_dlptr_aref(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    VALUE arg0, arg1;
    VALUE retval = Qnil;
    size_t offset, len;
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    if (!data->ptr) rb_raise(rb_eDLError, "NULL pointer dereference");
    switch( rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &arg0, &arg1) ){
      case 1:
	offset = NUM2ULONG(arg0);
	retval = INT2NUM(*((char *)data->ptr + offset));
	break;
      case 2:
	offset = NUM2ULONG(arg0);
	len    = NUM2ULONG(arg1);
	retval = rb_tainted_str_new((char *)data->ptr + offset, len);
	break;
      default:
	rb_bug("rb_dlptr_aref()");
    }
    return retval;
}

#[]=(index) ⇒ Integer #[]=(start, length) ⇒ String

Set the value at index to int. Or, set the memory at start until length with the contents of string, the memory from dl_cptr, or the memory pointed at by the memory address addr.

Overloads:

  • #[]=(index) ⇒ Integer

    Returns:

    • (Integer)
  • #[]=(start, length) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)

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# File 'cptr.c', line 525

VALUE
rb_dlptr_aset(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    VALUE arg0, arg1, arg2;
    VALUE retval = Qnil;
    size_t offset, len;
    void *mem;
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    if (!data->ptr) rb_raise(rb_eDLError, "NULL pointer dereference");
    switch( rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "21", &arg0, &arg1, &arg2) ){
      case 2:
	offset = NUM2ULONG(arg0);
	((char*)data->ptr)[offset] = NUM2UINT(arg1);
	retval = arg1;
	break;
      case 3:
	offset = NUM2ULONG(arg0);
	len    = NUM2ULONG(arg1);
	if (RB_TYPE_P(arg2, T_STRING)) {
	    mem = StringValuePtr(arg2);
	}
	else if( rb_obj_is_kind_of(arg2, rb_cDLCPtr) ){
	    mem = rb_dlptr2cptr(arg2);
	}
	else{
	    mem    = NUM2PTR(arg2);
	}
	memcpy((char *)data->ptr + offset, mem, len);
	retval = arg2;
	break;
      default:
	rb_bug("rb_dlptr_aset()");
    }
    return retval;
}

#==(other) ⇒ Boolean #eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if other wraps the same pointer, otherwise returns false.

Overloads:

  • #==(other) ⇒ Boolean

    Returns:

    • (Boolean)
  • #eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

    Returns:

    • (Boolean)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'cptr.c', line 410

VALUE
rb_dlptr_eql(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr1, *ptr2;

    if(!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cDLCPtr)) return Qfalse;

    ptr1 = rb_dlptr2cptr(self);
    ptr2 = rb_dlptr2cptr(other);

    return ptr1 == ptr2 ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

#freeObject

Get the free function for this pointer. Returns DL::CFunc or nil.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 308

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_free_get(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *pdata;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, pdata);

    return rb_dlcfunc_new(pdata->free, DLTYPE_VOID, "free<anonymous>", CFUNC_CDECL);
}

#free=(function) ⇒ Object

Set the free function for this pointer to the DL::CFunc in function.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 292

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_free_set(VALUE self, VALUE val)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    data->free = get_freefunc(val, &data->wrap[1]);

    return Qnil;
}

#inspectObject

Returns a string formatted with an easily readable representation of the internal state of the DL::CPtr


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# File 'cptr.c', line 390

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_inspect(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;
    char str[1024];

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    snprintf(str, 1023, "#<%s:%p ptr=%p size=%ld free=%p>",
	     rb_class2name(CLASS_OF(self)), data, data->ptr, data->size, data->free);
    return rb_str_new2(str);
}

#null?Boolean

Returns true if this is a null pointer.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'cptr.c', line 278

VALUE
rb_dlptr_null_p(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    return data->ptr ? Qfalse : Qtrue;
}

#ptrObject

Returns a DL::CPtr that is a dereferenced pointer for this DL::CPtr. Analogous to the star operator in C.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 249

VALUE
rb_dlptr_ptr(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_dlptr_new(*((void**)(data->ptr)),0,0);
}

#refObject

Returns a DL::CPtr that is a reference pointer for this DL::CPtr. Analogous to the ampersand operator in C.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 264

VALUE
rb_dlptr_ref(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_dlptr_new(&(data->ptr),0,0);
}

#sizeObject

Get the size of this pointer.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 580

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_size_get(VALUE self)
{
    return LONG2NUM(RPTR_DATA(self)->size);
}

#size=(size) ⇒ Object

Set the size of this pointer to size


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# File 'cptr.c', line 568

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_size_set(VALUE self, VALUE size)
{
    RPTR_DATA(self)->size = NUM2LONG(size);
    return size;
}

#to_iObject

Returns the integer memory location of this DL::CPtr.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 221

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_to_i(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    return PTR2NUM(data->ptr);
}

#to_iObject

Returns the integer memory location of this DL::CPtr.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 221

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_to_i(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    return PTR2NUM(data->ptr);
}

#to_sString #to_s(len) ⇒ String

Returns the pointer contents as a string. When called with no arguments, this method will return the contents until the first NULL byte. When called with len, a string of len bytes will be returned.

Overloads:

  • #to_sString

    Returns:

    • (String)
  • #to_s(len) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)

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# File 'cptr.c', line 328

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_to_s(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;
    VALUE arg1, val;
    int len;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    switch (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &arg1)) {
      case 0:
	val = rb_tainted_str_new2((char*)(data->ptr));
	break;
      case 1:
	len = NUM2INT(arg1);
	val = rb_tainted_str_new((char*)(data->ptr), len);
	break;
      default:
	rb_bug("rb_dlptr_to_s");
    }

    return val;
}

#to_strString #to_str(len) ⇒ String

Returns the pointer contents as a string. When called with no arguments, this method will return the contents with the length of this pointer's size. When called with len, a string of len bytes will be returned.

Overloads:

  • #to_strString

    Returns:

    • (String)
  • #to_str(len) ⇒ String

    Returns:

    • (String)

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# File 'cptr.c', line 361

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_to_str(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;
    VALUE arg1, val;
    int len;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    switch (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &arg1)) {
      case 0:
	val = rb_tainted_str_new((char*)(data->ptr),data->size);
	break;
      case 1:
	len = NUM2INT(arg1);
	val = rb_tainted_str_new((char*)(data->ptr), len);
	break;
      default:
	rb_bug("rb_dlptr_to_str");
    }

    return val;
}

#to_valueObject

Cast this CPtr to a ruby object.


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# File 'cptr.c', line 235

static VALUE
rb_dlptr_to_value(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;
    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &dlptr_data_type, data);
    return (VALUE)(data->ptr);
}